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Children, Youth, & Families

ASPE produces a range of policy research to promote child development, early childhood care and education, child welfare, positive youth development, and child and family well-being. 

Resources for Youth and Youth Programs This page features resources to help create, maintain, and strengthen effective youth programs. Included are youth facts, funding information, and tools to help you assess community assets, generate maps of local and federal resources, search for evidence-based youth programs, and keep up-to-date on the latest youth-related news. This page provides youth-focused resources and opportunities that inspire and empower young people to make a difference in their lives and in the world around them by improving their knowledge and leadership skills. 


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Changes in Marriage and Fertility Behavior: Behavior Versus Attitudes of Young Adults

June 30, 1989
This report examines a variety of data regarding current trends in adolescents' sexual, fertility, and marital behavior and discusses evidence regarding the permanence of these trends. Behavioral data are compared with attitudinal measures to conclude that there are significant differences between the conduct and values of young adults.

Quality in Child Care: What It Is an How It Can Be Encouraged

May 30, 1989
This speech, given at the Family Impact Seminar, briefly describes several issues concerning the regulation of child care including: who should regulate child care, whether standards effectively improve quality, how child care has been regulated since the late 1800s, current regulation practices, and how current child care legislation addresses regulation.

An Evaluability Assessment of Child Care Options for Work-Welfare Programs

March 31, 1988
MAXIMUS, Inc. April 1988 This report was prepared under contract #HHS-100-85-0004 between HHS's Office of Social Services Policy (now the Office of Disability, Aging and Long-Term Care Policy) and MAXIMUS, Inc. For additional information about this subject, you can visit the ASPE home page at

AIDS Children and Child Welfare: Final Report

March 30, 1988
The goals of the study are to: define the issues related to providing care to children with AIDS; place parameters around the size and scope of the problem; and attempt to clarify some of the perceptions and approaches relevant to the problem. This project focuses on children with AIDS whose parents are, or have had sexual contact with, IV drug abusers.

A Synthesis of Research on Child Care Utilization Patterns

January 31, 1988
This paper synthesizes findings on current and future trends in child care usage patterns among employed mothers of preschoolers (less than 6 years old).

Child Care Used by Working Women in the AFDC Population: An Analysis of the SIPP Data Base

October 14, 1987
This paper presents the Survey of Income and Program Participation data on child care for working guardians on AFDC. These guardians use care by relatives 58% of the time for their youngest children under 6. They are thus using informal care arrangements which are generally free or low cost instead of more formal arrangements, for which one generally must pay.

Usage of Different Kinds of Child Care: An Analysis of the SIPP Data Base

October 13, 1987
Data are presented to defend the theory that families use the kind of care which is available to them and affordable.