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Public Health

Access up-to-date ASPE research on key public health topics including emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, such as influenza and COVID-19; health equity; antibiotic resistance; rural health; opioids, opioid use disorder and overdose prevention; maternal health; public health and health care workforce and infrastructure; immunization and vaccines; Indian health; HIV/AIDS; tobacco; and emergency preparedness, response, and recovery. Also find data on prevention, social determinants of health, and more.

HHS Initiative to Improve Maternal Health

The Department’s Action Plan lays out a vision for improving maternal health that applies a “life course” approach organized around four goals and it sets three ambitious targets to achieve this vision. Each of the four goals includes multiple objectives and action items to drive progress. The Action Plan also describes the current state of maternal health outcomes in the U.S., challenges in reducing maternal mortality and morbidity, recent efforts to improve maternal health within and beyond the federal government, and it discusses various forums in which HHS leadership sought input from key stakeholders.

Reports

Displaying 1 - 10 of 927. 10 per page. Page 1.

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ASPE Issue Brief, Report

Transformation of the Clinical Trial Enterprise: Lessons Learned from the COVID-19 Pandemic

In 2023, ASPE launched a research project to understand the impacts of COVID-19 on the clinical trial enterprise and identify key lessons learned.
ASPE Issue Brief

Medical Product Shortages in the United States: Demographic and Geographic Factors and Impacts

Medical product shortages are an ongoing public health concern, with at least 140 products in shortage as of July 2024.We use the Household Pulse Survey to examine how many adults are affected by shortages of critical medical products in the United States.In fall 2023, shortages of medical products impacted about 38.8 million (18 percent) of individuals in the United Stat
Fact Sheet

State Fact Sheets: Impacts of the IRA and ACA on Lowering Health Care Costs, 2024

These Fact Sheets highlight health care cost savings achieved under the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) and the Affordable Care Act (ACA) for each of the fifty states and the District of Columbia. Enrollee savings on Medicare Part D out-of-pocket costs, insulin, vaccines, and Marketplace premiums are presented.
ASPE Data Point

Nurse Staffing Estimates in US Nursing Homes, May 2024

In April 2024, CMS issued the Minimum Staffing Standards for Long-Term Care Facilities and Medicaid Institutional Payment Transparency Reporting final rule which established new minimum nurse staffing requirements for nursing homes by nurse type.
ASPE Issue Brief

Medicaid Home and Community-Based Services Section 1915(c) Waiver Policy Flexibilities During the COVID-19 Public Health Emergency: State Agency, Provider, and Consumer Experiences Issue Brief

States may use Appendix K to modify their existing Medicaid home and community-based services (HCBS) 1915(c) waiver programs during emergency situations. During the COVID-19 public health emergency, states used Appendix K to make temporary changes to access and eligibility, payment, services, and other aspects of their waiver programs.
Report to Congress, Visualization

Welfare Indicators and Risk Factors: 23rd Report to Congress

The Welfare Indicators Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-432) requires the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services to prepare an annual report to Congress on indicators and predictors of “welfare dependence.” That Act requires the report to include three programs: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program (which replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)
Report

Medicare Advantage Coverage Among Individuals Receiving Federal Housing Assistance

Prior research from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) and U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Office of Policy Development and Research (PD&R) show older adults receiving federal housing assistance face disproportionately high rates of chronic conditions and health care utilization.
ASPE Issue Brief

Tele-Behavioral Health Use Among Medicare Beneficiaries During COVID-19

This issue brief summarizes analyses of Medicare fee-for-service data examining beneficiary use of tele-behavioral health services during 2019 and 2020. Results demonstrate that the number of Medicare beneficiaries receiving behavioral health care via telehealth increased dramatically during the COVID-19 public health emergency.
ASPE Issue Brief

Trends and Disparities in Pandemic Telehealth Use among People with Disabilities

This Issue Brief explores telehealth use for people and Medicare beneficiaries with disabilities and examines questions on the use of audio-only telehealth during the second and third years of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.
Report

Feasibility of Calculating Measures to Monitor Quality Performance of Behavioral Health Programs

The calculation of behavioral health quality measures at the clinic level holds great promise for monitoring clinic performance over time, and for providing information for clinics to use to revise their processes and procedures to improve their performance.