Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

National and State Estimates of Children Living with Parents Using Substances, 2015–2019

Publication Date
Robin Ghertner

This brief presents estimates of the number and percentage of children whose parents engage in problematic substance use, including past-year substance use and SUD by substance type and child demographics. Key findings include:

  • In an average year from 2015–2019, more than 21 million children lived with a parent who used illicit substances , and more than 2 million lived with a parent who had an illicit substance use disorder (SUD).
  • Living with a parent who had an illicit SUD varied by child age, race, ethnicity, and urbanicity.
  • Children younger than 12 had a higher likelihood of living with parents with SUD than children 12 and older.
  • States varied in the number and percentage of children living with parents who had an illicit SUD. States ranged from less than one percent of children (Nebraska) to nearly five percent (Maine).

*This content is in the process of Section 508 review. If you need immediate assistance accessing this content, please submit a request to Robin Ghertner, Content will be updated pending the outcome of the Section 508 review.

Product Type
ASPE Issue Brief
Children | Youth | Black & African American People | American Indian & Alaska Native People (AI-AN) | Asian American & Pacific Islanders People (AAPI) | Hispanic, Latino, Latina, & Latinx People | Racial & Ethnic Groups | White People | Families with Children
Location- & Geography-Based Data
National Data | State Data | Rural Communities | Urban Communities
Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant (SABG)