Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Dynamics of Being Disconnected from Work and TANF

Publication Date

Submitted to: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)

Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE)

Report Prepared by: Pamela Loprest and Austin Nichols The Urban Institute

Task Order Number: HHSP23337004T

The report provides information on the population of people who are disconnected, i.e., not working or living with a working spouse and not receiving welfare or disability benefits.  The report uses nationally representative longitudinal data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) to examine movement into and out of being disconnected, events associated with becoming disconnected, the size of the disconnected population, and characteristics of the population.  The report also examines how disconnected people fare after being disconnected  who returns to employment or welfare, or finds other forms of support.
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)