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Estimates of Child Care Eligibility & Receipt for Fiscal Year 2020

Publication Date

Key Points

  • In 2020, 10.9 million children were eligible for child care subsidies under federal rules; under state rules – which can be more restrictive – 7.5 million were eligible.
  • Two million children received subsidies, representing 18 percent of those eligible under federal rules and 26 percent under state rules.
  • Children in deeper poverty were more likely to receive subsidies than those who were less poor.
  • Younger children (ages one through five) were more likely to receive subsidies than older, school-aged children.
  • Black, non-Hispanic children who were federally-eligible for subsidies were more likely to receive subsidies, compared to children of other races and ethnicities who were eligible.
Product Type
ASPE Data Point
Children | Parents | Black & African American People | Asian American & Pacific Islanders People (AAPI) | Hispanic, Latino, Latina, & Latinx People | Racial & Ethnic Groups | White People | Families with Children | Low-Income Populations
Location- & Geography-Based Data
National Data | State Data
Child Care Development Fund (CCDF)