This factsheet provides descriptive information on child care eligibility and receipt. Of the 12.5 million children potentially eligible for child care subsidies under federal rules, 16 percent received subsidies. Of the 8.7 million children eligible for child care subsidies under more restrictive state rules, 23 percent received subsidies. Only those eligible under both federal and state rules can receive subsidies. Children in deeper poverty were more likely to receive subsidies than children who were less poor (among all those eligible). Younger children (ages 1-5) were more likely to receive subsidies than older, school-age children. Black, non-Hispanic eligible children were more likely to receive subsidies than children of other races and ethnicities who were eligible. Data sources are TRIM microsimulation output (which uses data from the Current Population Survey) and 801 child care administrative data.
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